Type 2 Diabetes - Scientific Pillar

Type 2 Diabetes - Scientific Pillar

The National Institutes of Health suggests that managing blood sugar levels, weight, diet and getting in regular physical activity are the most important treatment goals for people with type 2 diabetes.

A one ounce serving of avocado contains 3 grams of monounsaturated fat and 0.5 of polyunsaturated fat, along with 8% of the recommended daily value of fiber. Both monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and fiber are important nutrients for people with type 2 diabetes. Research suggests that MUFAs may reduce risk factors for developing type 2 diabetesi,ii,iii and may have a positive impact on insulin sensitivityiv,v,vi and high fiber diets (up to 42.5 g/day) may improve glycemic control in people with type 2 diabetes.vii Further, a review study recommends that the diets of people with diabetes provide 12-15% of calories from MUFA and 25-50 g/day of fiber.viii

Published Research

Wien M, Haddad E, Oda K, Sabaté J. A randomized 3x3 crossover study to evaluate the effect of Hass avocado intake on post-ingestive satiety, glucose and insulin levels and subsequent energy intake in overweight adultsNutrition Journal. 2013; 12(155). DOI: 10.1186/1475-2891-12-155.
Investigated how incorporating one-half of a Hass avocado affected hunger, blood sugar/insulin response and subsequent food intake.

Research in Progress

Joan Sabaté and Celine Heskey, Loma Linda University
Investigating the effects of avocado consumption on obesity and metabolic syndrome in a multi ethnic cohort.

Naiman Khan, Hannah Holscher, Nicholas Burd & Barbara Fiese, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Determining whether eating one avocado per day can improve glycemic control in overweight and obese subjects.

Britt Burton-Freeman, Illinois Institute for Technology
Measuring the impact of eating one avocado per day on insulin sensitivity and weight management.

Future Diabetes Research

HAB is interested in funding research to explore the impact of avocado consumption on risk factors for type 2 diabetes, blood glucose management and insulin response.

 

i Khemayanto H, Shi B. Role of Mediterranean diet in prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. Chin Med J (Engl). 2014; 127(20): 3651-6.

ii Pérez MP, García-Ríos A, Delgado-Lista J, Pérez-Jiménez F, López-Miranda J. Mediterranean diet rich in olive oil and obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. Curr Pharm Des. 2011; 17(8): 769-77.

iii Schwingshackl L, Strasser B, Hoffmann G. Effects of monounsaturated fatty acids on glycaemic control in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Nutr Metab. 2011; 58(4): 290-6. doi: 10.1159/000331214. Epub 2011 Sep 9.

iv Schwab U, Lauritzen L, Tholstrup T, Haldorssoni T, Riserus U, Uusitupa M, Becker W. Effect of the amount and type of dietary fat on cardiometabolic risk factors and risk of developing type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer: a systematic reviewFood Nutr Res. 2014; 10; 58. doi: 10.3402/fnr.v58.25145.  

v Martínez-González MA, Salas-Salvadó J, Estruch R, Corella D, Fitó M, Ros E; PREDIMED INVESTIGATORS. Benefits of the Mediterranean Diet: Insights From the PREDIMED Study. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2015; 58(1): 50-60. doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2015.04.003. Epub 2015 May 1.

vi Lasa A, Miranda J, Bulló M, et al. Comparative effect of two Mediterranean diets versus a low-fat diet on glycaemic control in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2014; 68(7):767-72. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2014.1. Epub 2014 Feb 12.

vii Silva FM, Kramer CK, de Almeida JC, Steemburgo T, Gross JL, Azevedo MJ. Fiber intake and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Nutr Rev. 2013; 71(12): 790-801. doi: 10.1111/nure.12076. Epub 2013 Nov 1.

viii Anderson JW, Randles KM, Kendall CW, Jenkins DJ. Carbohydrate and fiber recommendations for individuals with diabetes: a quantitative assessment and meta-analysis of the evidence. J Am Coll Nutr. 2004; 23(1): 5-17.